Thursday 21 July 2022

Do You Know about these terms before you are investing in a Foreign Country? FDI vs FII- Very Informative article shared by Prof. Baljeet Kaur

 FDI vs FII

Both FDI and FII is related to investment in a foreign country. FDI or Foreign Direct Investment is an investment that a parent company makes in a foreign country. On the contrary, FII or Foreign Institutional Investor is an investment made by an investor in the markets of a foreign nation. In FII, the companies only need to get registered in the stock exchange to make investments. But FDI is quite different from it as they invest in a foreign nation. The Foreign Institutional Investor is also known as hot money as the investors have the liberty to sell it and take it back. But in Foreign Direct Investment, this is not possible. In simple words, FII can enter the stock market easily and also withdraw from it easily. But FDI cannot enter and exit that easily. This difference is what makes nations to choose FDI’s more than then FII's. FDI is more preferred to the FII as they are considered to be the most beneficial kind of foreign investment for the whole economy. Foreign Direct Investment only targets a specific enterprise. It aims to increase the enterprises capacity or productivity or change its management control. In an FDI, the capital inflow is translated into additional production. The FII investment flows only into the secondary market. It helps in increasing capital availability in general rather than enhancing the capital of a specific enterprise. The Foreign Direct Investment is considered to be more stable than Foreign Institutional Investor. FDI not only brings in capital but also helps in good governance practises and better management skills and even technology transfer. Though the Foreign Institutional Investor helps in promoting good governance and improving accounting, it does not come out with any other benefits of the FDI.

Wednesday 20 July 2022

Thalassemia(A blood Disorder)- Very Informative post shared by Prof. Darshdeep Kaur

 THALASSEMIA (A Blood Disorder)

A THALASSEMIA is a type of blood disorder involving lower than normal amounts of an oxygen-carrying protein. Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterised by less oxygen-carrying protein (Haemoglobin) and fewer red blood cells in the body than normal.

CAUSES

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make haemoglobin — the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children. Most common blood group in Thalassemia patients is O +ve.

SYMPTOMS

·         Anaemia

·         Fatigue or Weakness

·         Failure to thrive

·         Shortness of breath

·         Yellow skin and eyes

TREATMENT

Bone marrow and stem cell transplant from a compatible related donor is the only treatment that can cure thalassemia. It is the most effective treatment. But they are not done very often because of significant risks involved.

PREVENTION

Currently, Thalassemia cannot be prevented because it is an inherited (passed down from parents to the child) blood disorder. It is possible to identify carriers of this disorder with genetic testing.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

Most Thalassemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years. Improved facilities will help them live up to the age of 60.

Tuesday 19 July 2022

Financial Planning with Crypto Currency- article by Prof. Amandeep Singh

 Financial Planning with Crypto Currency


Cryptocurrency continues to expand through the global economy, but approximately 96% of citizens swere unable to pass a quiz about the fundamentals of cryptocurrency, according to results of theinaugural Crypto Literacy Survey, part of a consumer education initiative from a coalition of key players in the digital currency industry .The quiz consisted of 17 questions to assess knowledge incryptocurrency, bitcoin, De-Fi, blockchain, mining, types of wallets, and non-fungible tokens (NFTs), as well as general feelings about digital currencies.The quiz was developed by Cryptoliteracy.org, acoalition that includes Coin me, Coin Desk, and the Digital Currency Group. The coalition websitelaunched in November in honor of the first annual Crypto Literacy Month, and includes complete results of the 2021 survey.The survey and quiz were sent to 1,000 cryptocurrency or bitcoin-aware internet users in the United States, Mexico, and Brazil, balanced across age, gender, and education level (plus race/ethnicity in the U.S.). Similar to the low pass rate of 4% in the United States, 99% of Brazilian and Mexican participants did not pass the quiz.However, according to the survey, 30% of Brazilians and 28% of Mexicans say they intend to buy or sell cryptocurrencies in the next six months, compared to 12% of Americans."Our industry needs to do more to improve crypto literacy throughout the world. By doing so, we can help people improve their lives by understanding how to utilize cryptocurrencies," says Neil Bergquist, CEO and co-founder of Coinme."As a champion of equal and simple access to digital currencies, Coinme is proud to lead this effort in collaboration with key industry partners," he adds.Other key insights from the survey show that overall, cryptocurrency owners scored higher on the crypto-literacy quiz, and that most owners are younger, wealthier, and male.In addition, younger generations in the United States are nearly three times more likely to use cryptocurrency as a means of payment, while older generations tend to view it as an investment.Consumers around the world are invited to test their cryptocurrency literacy by taking the Crypto Literacy Quiz online. Scores will be privately emailed to participants, along with tailored courses provided by CoinDesk improve knowledge of cryptocurrency concepts.

Prof. Amandeep Singh 

Tuesday 12 July 2022

ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ - A Beautiful Piece of Publication Shared By Prof Manjinder Singh Johal, Lyallpur Khalsa College, Kapurthala.


ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ 

 ਪ੍ਰੋ: ਮਨਜਿੰਦਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੌਹਲ

ਲਾਇਲਪੁਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ ਕਾਲਜ, ਕਪੂਰਥਲਾ

98159 78098

ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਕਰਨਾ ਇਕ ਦਰਵੇਸ਼ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਦੇ ਲੱਛਣ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ। ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਸ਼ਖ਼ਸੀਅਤ ਦਾ ਵਿਕਾਸ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਉੱਚੀਆਂ ਉਡਾਰੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਆਸ ਰੱਖੀ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ। ਗਿਆਨ ਦੀ ਰੌਸ਼ਨੀ ਵਿਚ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਸਮਾਜ ਵਿਚ ਵਿਚਰਨ ਦੀ ਸੋਝੀ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਦਾ ਅਮਲ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ। ਉਸ ਵਿਚ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦੀਆਂ ਹਕੀਕਤਾਂ ਨਾਲ ਲੜਨ ਦੀ ਦਲੇਰੀ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ, ਜੀਵਨ ਜਾਚ ਦਾ ਇਕ ਮਹੱਤਵਪੂਰਨ ਅੰਗ ਵੀ ਹੈ। ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦੀ ਕਿਤਾਬ ਦਾ ਅਧਿਐਨ ਆਪ ਹੀ ਕਰਨਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਅੰਦਰਲੇ ਸਦਗੁਣਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਵਿਕਸਤ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਵੱਧ ਤੋਂ ਵੱਧ ਯਤਨ ਕਰਨੇ ਚਾਹੀਦੇ ਹਨ। ਮਨੁੱਖ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਖ਼ਸੀਅਤ ਉਸਦੇ ਅੰਦਰੂਨੀ ਵਰਤਾਰੇ ਅਤੇ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸਾਂ ਦਾ ਬਾਹਰੀ ਪ੍ਰਗਟਾਵਾ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਉਸਦਾ ਵਰਤਾਓ ਸਿੱਧੇ ਰੂਪ ਵਿਚ ਉਸਦੇ ਦ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟੀਕੋਣ ਦਾ ਹੀ ਕ੍ਰਿਆਸ਼ੀਲ ਰੂਪ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ। ਜੀਵਨ ਦਾ ਅਸਲੀ ਮਨੋਰਥ ਆਪਣੇ ਅਸਲ ਆਪੇ ਭਾਵ ਪਰਮਾਤਮਾ ਨੂੰ ਪਾਉਣਾ ਹੈ। ਪਰ ਇਹ ਤਦ ਹੀ ਸੰਭਵ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ ਜਦੋਂ ਮਨ ਵਿਚ ਸੱਚਾ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ ਹੋਵੇ। ਜੇਕਰ ਮਨ ਵਿਚ ਸੱਚਾ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ ਤਾਂ ਹੀ ਬੁੱਧੀ ਆਤਮ-ਗਿਆਨ, ਆਤਮ-ਰਸ ਅਤੇ ਦੈਵੀ ਸੰਜਮ ਨਾਲ ਭਰਪੂਰ ਹੋਵੇਗੀ। ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਵਿਚ ਵੀ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਉਸ ‘ਅਸਲੇ’ ਨਾਲ ਸਾਂਝ ਪਾਉਣ ਤੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਮੂਲ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਕਿਹਾ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ। ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਦਾ ਫੁਰਮਾਨ ਹੈ:
ਮਨ ਤੂੰ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪੁ ਹੈ ਆਪਣਾ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ॥ ਮਨ ਹਰਿ ਜੀ ਤੇਰੈ ਨਾਲਿ ਹੈ ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਰੰਗੁ ਮਾਣੁ॥ (ਅੰਗ 441)
ਹਰ ਬੰਦਾ ਜੋਤ ਸਰੂਪ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਉਸ ਲਈ ਆਪਣਾ ਸਤ ਸਰੂਪ ਪਛਾਣਨਾਜ਼ਰੂਰੀ ਹੈ।

ਜੋਤ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਬੰਦੇ ਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਅਸਲੀਅਤ ਤੱਕ ਪਹੁੰਚਣਾ ਜ਼ਰੂਰੀ ਹੈ। ਸੂਫ਼ੀ ਕਵੀਆਂ ਦਾ ਮਾਰਗ ਵੀ ‘ਆਪਣੀ ਪਛਾਣ’ ਕਰਨ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੈ।ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ ਤੌਬਾ, ਸੰਜਮ ਤੇ ਤਿਆਗ ਪ੍ਰਮੁੱਖ ਤੌਰ ਤੇ ਆਤਮ-ਪਛਾਣ ਵਿਚ ਸਹਾਈ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ ਅਤੇ ਆਤਮ-ਪਛਾਣ ਰੱਬੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਦੇ ਸੰਦਰਭ ਵਿਚ ਵੀ ਲਾਭਦਾਇਕ ਹੈ।ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਸਿੱਧ ਸੂਫ਼ੀ ਕਵੀ ਸ਼ਾਹ ਹੁਸੈਨ ਨੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਕਾਫ਼ੀ ਵਿਚ ਕਿਹਾ ਹੈ:
ਆਪ ਨੂੰ ਪਛਾਣ ਬੰਦੇ
ਜੇ ਤੁਧ ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪ ਪਛਾਤਾ
ਸਾਹਿਬ ਨੂੰ ਮਿਲਣ ਆਸਾਨ ਬੰਦੇ।

ਇਸ ਅਵਸਥਾ 'ਤੇ ਪਹੁੰਚ ਕੇ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਹਮੇਸ਼ਾ ਵਿਕਾਸ ਵਿਚ ਉੱਨਤ ਤੇ ਅਨੰਦਤ ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਕਿਉਂਕਿ ਉਸਦੇ ਜੀਵਨ ਵਿਚ ਗਿਆਨ, ਪ੍ਰੇਮ, ਸੁੰਦਰਤਾ, ਪਵਿੱਤਰਤਾ, ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ, ਸਚਾਈ ਅਤੇ ਸ਼ਕਤੀ ਆਦਿ ਵਰਗੇ ਦੈਵੀ ਗੁਣ ਪ੍ਰਫੁੱਲਤ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ ਤੇ ਉਹ ਇਹ ਗੁਣ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਕਰਕੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਜੀਵਨ ਸੋਮੇ ਤੋਂ ਸਦੀਵੀ ਪ੍ਰਸੰਨਤਾ ਦਾ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਵਰਸਾਉਂਦੇ ਹਨ। ਇਸ ਲਈ ਬਾਬਾ ਫ਼ਰੀਦ ਵੀ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਸਭ ਚਤੁਰਾਈਆਂ ਛੱਡ ਕੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਝਾਤੀ ਮਾਰਨ ਤੇ ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪ ਸਵਾਰਨ ਲਈ ਉਪਦੇਸ਼ ਦਿੰਦੇ ਹਨ ਕਿ:
ਫਰੀਦਾ ਜੇ ਤੂ ਅਕਲਿ ਲਤੀਫੁ ਕਾਲੇ ਲਿਖੁ ਨ ਲੇਖ॥
ਆਪਨੜੇ ਗਿਰੀਵਾਨ ਮਹਿ ਸਿਰੁ ਨੀਵਾ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖੁ॥ (ਅੰਗ 1378 )

ਮਨ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਖ਼ਿਆਲ, ਜਜ਼ਬੇ ਤੇ ਇਰਾਦੇ ਦੀਆਂ ਅਨੇਕਾਂ ਸ਼ਕਤੀਆਂ ਭਰਪੂਰ ਹਨ। ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਸ਼ਕਤੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਤਦ ਹੀ ਪ੍ਰਫੁੱਲਤ ਤੇ ਵਿਕਸਤ ਕਰ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ, ਜਦੋਂ ਉਹ ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਕਰਨ ਦੇ ਸਮਰੱਥ ਹੋ ਸਕੇ।

ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਸ਼ਕਤੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਸੰਜਮ ਵਿਚ ਰੱਖ ਕੇ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਮਾਨਸਿਕ, ਆਤਮਕ ਤੇ ਅਧਿਆਤਮਕ ਬਲ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਕਰਕੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਅਸਲੇ ਨੂੰ ਅਨੁਭਵ ਕਰ ਲੈਂਦਾ ਹੈ। ਮਨੁੱਖ ਆਪਣੀ ਸ਼ਖ਼ਸੀਅਤ ਤੇ ਆਚਰਨ ਦੀ ਪੂਰਨ ਉੱਨਤੀ ਤੇ ਵਿਕਾਸ ਕਰਕੇ ਜੀਵਨ ਦੇ ਸੰਪੂਰਨ ਅਰਥ ਵੀ ਸਮਝ ਲੈਂਦਾ ਹੈ। ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਹੋ ਜਾਣ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਹੀ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਜਗਤ ਦੀ ਅਸਲੀਅਤ ਦਾ ਪੂਰਨ ਅਨੁਭਵ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਉਹ ਅਕਲ ਅੰਦਰ ਛੁਪੇ ਹੋਏ ਗਿਆਨ ਨੂੰ ਸੁਰਜੀਤ ਅਤੇ ਪ੍ਰਫੁੱਲਤ ਕਰ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ। ਪਰ ਇਹ ਕੰਮ ਮਨ ਨੂੰ ਜਿੱਤਣ ਤੋਂ ਬਿਨਾਂ ਸੰਭਵ ਨਹੀਂ, ਇਸੇ ਲਈ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ “ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੇ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ॥” ਭਾਵ ਆਪਣਾ ਮਨ ਜਿੱਤਣ ਲਈ ਕਿਹਾ ਕਿਉਂਕਿ ਇਸ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਹੀ ਸਭ ਜੱਗ ਨੂੰ ਜਿੱਤਿਆ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ। ਅਜਿਹਾ ਗੁਣ ਆਪ ਹੀ ਲੱਭਣਾ ਤੇ ਮਿਥਣਾ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਫਿਰ ਅਚੇਤ ਮਨ, ਸਮੱਸਿਆਵਾਂ ਦੇ ਹੱਲ ਲੱਭਣ ਲਈ ਆਪਣੇ-ਆਪ ਹੀ ਕਾਰਜਸ਼ੀਲ ਹੋ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ। ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਸਦੀਵੀਂ ਆਨੰਦ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤੀ ਵੀ ਆਪਣੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਝਾਤੀ ਮਾਰਨ 'ਤੇ ਹੀ ਹੋ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ ਪਰ ਦੁਖਦਾਈ ਗੱਲ ਇਹ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਅੱਜ ਦਾ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਇਸ ਸਦੀਵੀਂ ਆਨੰਦ ਨੂੰ ਸੰਸਾਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਨਾਸ਼ਵਾਨ ਵਸਤਾਂ, ਰਸਮਾਂ-ਰੀਤਾਂ ਤੇ ਝੂਠੀਆਂ ਮੁਹੱਬਤਾ ਵਿਚੋਂ ਲੱਭਦਾ ਫਿਰਦਾ ਹੈ।ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਸਿੱਧ ਕਵੀ ਡਾ. ਦੀਵਾਨ ਸਿੰਘ ਕਾਲੇਪਾਣੀ ਵੀ ਆਪਣੀ ਕਵਿਤਾ ‘ਆਨੰਦ’ ਵਿਚ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਇਸ ਰੂਹਾਨੀ ਆਨੰਦ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤੀ ਲਈ ਹਰ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਤੰਗਦਿਲੀਆਂ ਦਾ ਤਿਆਗ ਕਰਨ ਅਤੇ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਤੋਂ ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਹੋ ਕੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਟਿਕਣ ਲਈ ਕਹਿੰਦੇ ਹਨ:
ਅੰਦਰ ਠਹਿਰਾਉ ਪੈਦਾ ਕਰ
ਟਿਕਾਅ ਪੈਦਾ ਕਰ
ਜਦ ਤੂੰ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਹੋ ਕੇ ਟਿਕੇਗਾ
ਤੇਰੇ ਅੰਦਰ
ਆਨੰਦ ਇਉਂ ਲਿਸ਼ਕੇਗਾ
ਜਿਉਂ
ਟਿਕੇ ਹੋਏ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਤਲਾਅ ਵਿਚ
ਸੂਰਜ ਦਾ ਜਲਵਾ।

ਨੈਤਿਕ ਕਦਰਾਂ-ਕੀਮਤਾਂ ਅਪਣਾਉਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਹੀ ਸੰਪੂਰਨ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਹੈ। ਇਕ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ ਦਾ ਨੈਤਿਕ ਅਥਵਾ ਸਦਾਚਾਰਕ ਹੋਣਾ, ਉਸਦੇ ਚੰਗੇ ਕੰਮਾਂ ਦਾ ਨਿਚੋੜ ਹੈ।ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਲਈ ਆਤਮ ਸ਼ੁੱਧੀ ਦਾ ਮਾਰਗ ਅਪਣਾਉਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ। ਇਹ ਆਪਣੇ ਸਦਾਚਾਰ ਨੂੰ ਉੱਨਤ ਕਰਨ ਅਤੇ ਆਂਤਰਿਕ ਤੇ ਬਾਹਰੀ ਜੀਵਨ ਦੀ ਉਸਾਰੀ ਹੈ ਕਿਉਂਕਿ ਬਾਹਰਮੁਖਤਾ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਅੰਤਰਮੁਖਤਾ ਵੱਲ ਦੀ ਯਾਤਰਾ ਆਤਮ-ਉੱਚਤਾ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰਤੀਕ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਦੈਵੀ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਆਪਣੀ ਆਂਤਰਿਕ ਯਾਤਰਾ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜਿਆ ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ। ਆਪਣੇ-ਆਪ ਨੂੰ ਜਾਣਨ ਦੀ ਗਤੀ ਵੀ ਨਿਰੰਤਰ ਚੱਲਦੀ ਰਹਿੰਦੀ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਆਤਮ-ਵਿਕਾਸ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰਕਿਰਿਆ ਕਿਸੇ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ ਦੀ ਖੜੋਤ ਨਾਲ ਸੰਬੰਧਿਤ ਨਹੀਂ। ਇਸ ਲਈ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਆਪਣੇ ਆਂਤਰਿਕ ਵਿਕਾਸ ਰਾਹੀਂ ਉਚੇਰੇ ਆਤਮਿਕ ਰੂਪ ਵਿਚ ਸਥਾਪਿਤ ਹੋਣ ਦੇ ਸਮਰੱਥ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਆਤਮ-ਸ਼ੁੱਧੀ ਦੀ ਸਥਿਤੀ ਵਿਚ ਹੀ ਆਪੇ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ ਹੋ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ।

Friday 8 July 2022

"Greatest Happiness of the Greatest Number" - article by Prof. Manisha Department of political science Lyallpur khalsa college kapurthala

Greatest Happiness of the Greatest Numbe

 The greatest happiness principle is a moral ideology, which holds that the best thing to do is what contributes to the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people. During the middle Ages, it was widely believed that happiness is not possible in earthly life and that the basis of morality was in the word of God. These views were contested in the “Enlightenment”; happiness came to be seen as attainable, and morality was regarded as man- made. A lively discussion on the relation between happiness and morality emerged, and in this climate, an instrumental view on morality appeared, in which ethical codes are seen as ways of securing a happy life. Much of this enlightened thought is reflected in Jeremy Bentham’s (1907) “Introduction to morals and legislation.” Bentham argues that the moral quality of an action should be judged by its consequences on human happiness. The greatest happiness of the greatest number is a dynamic concept in Modern India which is becoming parameter of every action of the State. Government Policy is kept importance for development to County and fulfils the desire of people in the Society. Policy means a course of action adopted by a government, business, individual and people. That is essence and reform in legal, economic and political society. Part IV of the Constitution of India the Directive Principle of State policy is Direct to the negative fundamental right for citizens which are promoted to consider by the government when making the policies. It is kinds of fundamental rights. Through the government, Policy State is providing the atmosphere for the people to improve their living status, education, participation in-country, equality and justice etc. and standard policy-making base of good governance. India is a symbol of unity in diversity and many linguistic and religious persons lived here and various scheme running by the government for the interest of people like that, Ujjwala Yojana, Gramodyauday se Bharat Uday, Swash Bharat Abhiyan, Beti Padho Beti Bachao Scheme etc., that the policies are targeting to provide, pleasures and avoid pains of people and protect rights of people and individual. We can say, the principle of the greatest happiness of the greatest number is the soul of democracy and maintaining rule of law. If all government policies are enforced in an actual manner so the structure of India will become good, glorious, strong and healthy. 

 Prof. Manisha
 Department of political science 
Lyallpur khalsa college kapurthala

Tuesday 5 July 2022

"SCIENCE is the process that takes us from confusion to understanding”- Article shared by Prof Darshdeep Kaur , Dept of Physics, Lyallpur Khlasa College, Kapurthala

 "SCIENCE is the process that takes us from confusion to understanding”


Science, any system of knowledge that is concerned with the physical world and its phenomena and that entails unbiased observations and systematic experimentation. In general, a science involves a pursuit of knowledge covering general truths or the operations of fundamental laws.
The natural taxonomy of the empirical sciences would break the sciences down into three basic groups:
1.The Physical Sciences is the branch of science that deals with inorganic materials, which are materials that are not living. People who work in the field of physical science can uncover new discoveries about how matter works and other universal phenomena. Some common careers involving physical science are:
Physicist: Physicists are responsible for creating and testing theories in physics. They often perform experiments and apply physics skills to creating scientific equipment.
Quantum physicist: Quantum physicists are scientists who specialize in quantum physics, which involves the behavior of the universe at an atomic and subatomic scale. Quantum physicists often work with new scientific theories that have never been studied before.
Chemist: Chemists are scientists who conduct experiments on molecular matter. They often test and create different chemicals for a variety of purposes. There are many specialties within chemistry, including biochemistry, analytical chemistry, geochemistry and more. 
2.The Earth science is a field of natural science that deals with the materials of the earth and its atmosphere. People who work in earth science can contribute to the societal understanding of the earth and how humans can protect it. There are many earth science types and career applications. Some common careers involving earth sciences are:
Meteorologist: Meteorologists are responsible for analyzing the weather and preparing weather forecasts. They may broadcast their weather forecasts on television news or online video.
Land planners: Land planners can also use knowledge of earth science. Land planners are responsible for planning how to regulate and develop the land.
Geologist: Geologists are scientists who study rocks and other solid parts of the earth and other planets. Geologists often study geology-related natural disasters like mudslides and earthquakes.
3. The Life Sciences is a branch of science that involves the study of organic things, which are things that are living. The field of life science can help people understand the world, including plants, animals and human biology. Life science is a broad field with many sub-branches and career applications. Some common career involving life sciences are:
Marine biologist: Marine biologists are scientists who study marine life. There are many marine biology specialties, including marine microbiology and fishery biology.
Pharmacologist: Pharmacologists are scientists who study and develop medications to treat diseases. They are responsible for testing substances and drugs to determine their safety. Typically, pharmacologists have a biology background.
Agricultural scientist: Agricultural scientists study and conduct experiments related to crops and farm animals to help improve the industry of farming. Agricultural scientists can use biology skills and knowledge to conduct experiments and create new agricultural methods.

Sunday 3 July 2022

ਲਾਇਲਪੁਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ ਕਾਲਜ ਅਰਬਨ ਅਸਟੇਟ , ਕਪੂਰਥਲਾ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਮੀਰੀ ਪੀਰੀ ਦਿਵਸ ਨੂੰ ਸਮਰਪਿਤ ਦਸਤਾਰ ਟਰੇਨਿੰਗ(8 ਜੁਲਾਈ) ਅਤੇ ਦਸਤਾਰ ਮੁਕਾਬਲਾ (9ਜੁਲਾਈ)






ਲਾਇਲਪੁਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ ਕਾਲਜ ਅਰਬਨ ਅਸਟੇਟ ,ਕਪੂਰਥਲਾ ਵੱਲੋਂਮੀਰੀ ਪੀਰੀ ਦਿਵਸ ਨੂੰ ਸਮਰਪਿਤ

 ਦਸਤਾਰ ਟਰੇਨਿੰਗ(8 ਜੁਲਾਈ) ਅਤੇ ਦਸਤਾਰ ਮੁਕਾਬਲਾ (9ਜੁਲਾਈ) 

- ਉਮਰ 8 ਸਾਲ ਤੋਂ 18 ਸਾਲ

ਲੜਕੀਆਂ ਲਈ ਸਪੈਸ਼ਲ ਦੋ ਦਿਨਾਂ ਦੁਮਾਲਾ  ਸਿਖਲਾਈ ਕੈਂਪ
  First, second, third position  ਲਈ prize

Registration link is - https://forms.gle/GUgkQBzy4WZ7QBuV7

Lyallpur Khalsa College , Urban Estate Kapurthala Organising Scholarship test (Online) on 12th July, 2022



 Lyallpur Khalsa College , Urban Estate Kapurthala is going to conduct Scholarship Test ( Online)  on 12th July,2022 at 1 pm sharp . The details of the Scholarship Test will be shared on your registered E-mail/whatsApp number.


Registrations are open . 

To enroll yourself click on the link

Friday 1 July 2022

Man Is Born Free But Everywhere He Is In Chains- article by Prof. Manisha

 Man Is Born Free But Everywhere He Is In Chains

Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains: it is a quotation by Rossueau, which holds a great truth

in human life. Rousseau was under the opinion that we are born free meaning without biases, without the burden of acquiring property etc but eventually due to the society he/she lives in, loses his freedom .A child born in a rich or a poor family comes into the world with complete freedom. When he grows up,he is chained in different fetters .As a child, he dreams of getting the moon, but he cannot. On gaining consciousness, he realized that his dream cannot come true.. That is a set back to the freedom of a child. Then he is unwilling to go to school but by force is sent to school for getting an education. That too is a fetter on his freedom. As a grown-up human being, man desires to have many things in life. But life turns him to a great tragedian when he finds himself living in a fool’s paradise, where he can dream and aspire but nor realize his aspirations because of the paucity of resources. The resources he has at its disposal are far too inadequate to realize his all dreams at a time.

He is compelled to choose between different competing ends, and that is a blow to his freedom to achieve all that he aspires for. A beggar can desire to own a big bungalow but he can’t have it because he does not possess economic means to translate his wish to reality. An industrialist can desire to have a vast industrial empire, but he cannot make his desire effective due to the scarcity of economic resources. When he cannot do so, he gets a setback and realizes the fact that he can talk about freedom but not have it in the real sense. People in the third world countries are prisoners of poverty. They want freedom from hunger, squalor, privation but they are bound so tightly in the grip of poverty that they cannot break the bound so tightly in the grip of poverty that they cannot break the shackles. They wish to breathe in an air of freedom but they cannot.

Man is enslaved by the connections of society; some chains injured this soul and few chains restrain him from proceeding towards injury. The chain of work, poverty, class, sect are really a mark of ugliness on the face of this beautiful world. The third world is connected by the chains of slavery challenged on it by the economically developed peoples in different forms.

Racial discrimination is added difficult chain in which mankind is enslaved. Man is born free but professed civilized society ties him to the chain of superior or inferior race consciousness. Sometimes the passion of loyalty exceeds the limits and injuries the sense of righteousness of nations that they fight wars with one another. The chain of patriotism hurts the feelings of other nations. Man is also enslaved in the chains of poverty, illiteracy, superstitions etc. All men in all nations are born with freedom.

Prof. Manisha 

LKC, KPT. 

Qualities of a successful entrepreneur- Articel shared by Prof Baljeet kaur, Lyallpur Khalsa College, Kapurthala.

 Qualities of a successful Entrepreneur


A successful entrepreneur has a strong inner drive that helps him or her to succeed. Let us take a look at the qualities that go into making a successful entrepreneur.

An entrepreneur should be excited by the prospect of work. They should always have a strong drive to succeed and overcome obstacles. They should not only set big goals for themselves but also see that they are actually committed to achieving them regardless of the countless setbacks that occur.

A successful entrepreneur always has a strong sense of self-confidence and a healthy opinion of their skills and abilities. Their personality is assertive and strong. They are always focused and do not really dilly dally with the issues at hand. This is what makes them different from the rest.

An entrepreneur should always be on the lookout for new innovations and ideas in order to emerge as a winner. They should constantly reinvent themselves and think of better ways to run a business and improvise on the products and services offered by them.

Another important quality of a successful entrepreneur is openness in adopting change. They should not be headstrong and stubborn when it comes to choosing other options. Change is the only thing that is constant in business no one can make any profits on age old methods.

The path to success lies in evolution, whether it is evolution of ideas, services and products or technology. An entrepreneur should have an open mind and eagerness to learn new things. It is imperative to understand that the only way to keep at the top is to keep on changing and evolving with the time.

An entrepreneur should be aware of the latest service techniques and technology in order to serve the clients in a better way.

Competition should never scare an entrepreneur. In fact, competition is what a successful entrepreneur thrives on.

ਲਾਇਲਪੁਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ ਕਾਲਜ ਕਪੂਰਥਲਾ ਵਿਖੇ ਕਾਲਜ ਦੇ ਕਾਮਰਸ ਵਿਭਾਗ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਕਰਵਾਇਆ ਗਿਆ ਵੋਕੇਸ਼ਨਲ ਟ੍ਰੇਨਿੰਗ ਸੈਸ਼ਨ|

 ਵਿੱਦਿਆ ਦੇ ਖੇਤਰ ਦੀ ਨਾਮਵਰ ਸੰਸਥਾ ਲਾਇਲਪੁਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ ਕਾਲਜ ਅਰਬਨ ਅਸਟੇਟ, ਕਪੂਰਥਲਾ ਵਿਖੇ ਕਾਲਜ ਦੇ ਕਾਮਰਸ ਵਿਭਾਗ ਵੱਲੋਂ  ਵੋਕੇਸ਼ਨਲ ਟ੍ਰੇਨਿੰਗ ਸੈਸ਼ਨ ਕਰਵਾਇਆ, ਜਿਸ ਵ...